→Pakistan could take advantage from starting a new planning process today that is designed to capture strong bottom-up demand forces—rooted in interrupted power supply

→Ideal dwelling landscape—greater use free rooftop space and unlocking this untapped potential

→Shared cost burden: Devolution of capacity payment charges to end-users/investors

→Production profile of solar PV matches consumption load profiles

→Reducing T&D losses: DISCO distribution losses are a key challenge: consider solar PV support to grid in high-loss areas

→Energy affordability: Net-metered systems have already reached grid parity

→Just transition: Ignore market segments in high-loss configurations

→Climate change means there is no “business as usual” scenario, the baseline “inertia” scenario = increasing problems and costs.

→Energy security: Successful outcomes require holistic analysis and planning where decentralized generation expansion plans are synchronized with centralized expansion